Potty Training (Indoor)

The starting few days are critical for teaching a puppy to pee only in designated areas. Once a puppy develops the habit of peeing in the wrong place, it is more difficult to break. The goal of doing this correctly is to avoid getting upset and scolding your puppy. Owners frequently become frustrated during potty training, but it is not their fault because they have not discovered the correct habit.

You will require:

  • 1 X Exercise pen (Enclosed Area)
  • 1 X Pee tray & pee pad
  • 1 X Sleeping area

Indoor Potty Training

Successful potty training relies on a few guiding concepts :

1. No puppies likes to sleep on their pee
2. Start the training in a small enclosed area with only 2 areas, pee tray and sleeping area
3. Puppies will tend to choose to pee on the pee tray rather than the sleeping area
4. After they pee on the pee tray, reward them by bringing the puppy out for playtime or by giving them a treat. With repetition, they will realize that they are rewarded every time they pee on the pee tray and will be more likely to repeat in the future (positive reinforcement)
5. If they pee in the wrong place, do not reward them

Process :

Keep the puppy in the crate and reward him with a walk when he pees correctly. The play pen or enclosure should be kept small for the first few days to give the puppy the best chance of success. Keeping your puppy in a small enclosure for an extended period of time may appear cruel, but this is a temporary measure to help your puppy achieve potty success faster in the first week.

When your puppy pees on the pee tray, say “Good” in a cheerful tone. This interaction should be pleasant but not overly rewarding. We don’t want to click and treat them to keep them from peeing. Peeing is a self-reinforcing behavior, so it requires little encouragement.

Bring him out of the play pen as soon as he finishes peeing for some engagement games or a treat. A puppy will usually tire out after five to ten minutes of quality play time. If you want your puppy to be free to roam indoors, keep an eye out for signs that he needs to pee, such as spinning and sniffing. If you see these signs, calmly carry him to the pee tray to pee. If he pees on the pee tray, praise and reward him.

Remember to return him to the ex-pen before his bladder is completely full. To determine this, you will need to observe patterns in his pee habits (e.g., pees every 2 hours). Keep an eye on him and reward him when he pees correctly.

If you weren’t paying attention and noticed he peed in the wrong place, don’t scold him because he hasn’t learned the correct behavior. Because the timing is off, scolding your puppy after a mistake will not teach your puppy anything. Even if you scolded him at the appropriate time, he doesn’t know what to do. He would have peed in the correct location if he had known.


  • Take note that potty training is a family process and make sure everyone in the family is working together to set up the puppy for successful potty training.
  • Keep track of the number of successful pees and mistakes. Indicate which mistakes are the result of our negligence and which are genuine learning errors. This will give you a better idea of when to advance to a larger enclosure and when to regress to a smaller enclosure.
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